The body that hears the claim and makes a decision on the validity, or otherwise of the case. Previously, in Great Britain, prior to October 2004, known as an Industrial  Tribunal (IT)

Normally a full Tribunal comprises three people, an Employment Judge and two side members. One of the latter representing employees, the other employers.

If circumstances dictate, a case can be heard with just two people.

With a full Tribunal, decisions are made by a majority. If there are just two Tribunal members hearing the case, the Employment Judge has a second casting vote.

The Rules provide for some matters to be determined by an Employment Judge hearing the matter alone. There appears to be an increasing incidence of the latter sitting alone in respect of procedural and legal issues.

Synonymous with: Industrial Tribunal.

Employment Tribunals (ET)